There are three main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called insulin-dependent, immune-mediated or juvenile-onset diabetes. It is caused by an auto-immune reaction where the body’s defense system attacks the insulin-producing cells. The reason why this occurs is not fully understood. People with type 1 diabetes produce very little or no insulin. The disease can affect people of any age, but usually occurs in children or young adults. People with this form of diabetes need injections of insulin every day in order to control the levels of glucose in their blood. If people with type 1 diabetes do not have access to insulin, they will die.
Type 2 diabetes is sometimes called non-insulin dependent diabetes or adult-onset diabetes, and accounts for at least 90% of all cases of diabetes. It is characterized by insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency, either of which may be present at the time that diabetes becomes clinically manifest. Type 2 diabetes is quickly becoming one of the most common, and debilitating, diseases in the world.
Type 3 is mainly referred to as Gestational diabetes. This often has women who are pregnant as victims. It normally goes off after the baby is delivered. But the mother and child are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes at a later stage.
As more and more people are developing Type 2 diabetes they turn to heavy medicines and workouts. A best alternative to medicine is Yoga. Though Yoga is a slow method, regular yoga practice can led to short-term improvements in fasting glucose and cholesterol levels. Yoga stimulates the organs, and that improves metabolic activities. That makes a person’s metabolism function more efficiently. Though there are many Yoga exercises available, not all are safe for diabetics. For instance poses which involve sitting down can constrict blood and oxygen supply to the legs and feet.
Asanas are beneficial in treatment of diabetes. Important aspect of this is stability and comfort experienced in the position. After attaining the position, one needs to relax all the muscles and try to maintain the positions for long. Due to various twists, stretches and strains in the body, the internal organs are stretched and subjected to strain. This increases the blood supply, oxygen supply to the organs increasing the efficiency and functioning of the organ. Stretching various glands result in increased efficiency of the endocrine system.
Practice of meditation is especially useful in management of stress. Relaxed and Concentrated state of mind is the aim of any form of meditation which creates calming effect on nervous system, brings balance between Sympathetic and Parasympathetic nervous systems. Initially meditation may be difficult, and one can practice Chanting, concentration on breathing. Concentration on pancreas during the meditation practice has shown positive effects on sugar levels.
One can even visualize the proper functioning of pancreas, proper insulin administration in the body can help in treatment of diabetes. One of the basic preparations for Pranayama is alternate nostril breathing. this type is found useful in diabetes as alternate nostril breathing has calming effect on nervous system, which reduces stress levels, helping in diabetes treatment. Increases oxygen levels and reduces carbon dioxide levels in the blood. In bhasrika Pranayama, the abdominal muscles and diaphragm are used which puts pressure on the internal organs. But before practicing these Pranayama, one must learn and practice deep breathing, fast breathing, alternate nostril breathing. Hence Yoga Therapy is good for a Diabetic.